In 2000 DEAT published national Responsible Tourism guidelines for the private sector, which subsequently became the sector planning guidelines for local government. In 2002 the first International Conference on Responsible Tourism in Destinations was held in Cape Town. This conference coincided with the WSSD (World Summit on Sustainable Development) conference which was taking place in Johannesburg at the same time. Prof Harold Goodwin cochaired the conference and what emerged was the definition of Responsible Tourism in the form of the Cape Town Declaration. This definition has been reaffirmed at the second International Conference on Responsible Tourism in Destinations in Kerala in 2008. The Kerala Declaration on Responsible Tourism was adopted by the World Travel Market (WTM) and the United Nations World Tourism Organisation
(UNWTO) for World Responsible Tourism Day.